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Science All around the world, an increasing number of companies are developing new products, processes and technologies, as their main strategy to achieve competitiveness, increased revenues and growth. This can be viewed as an effort to cope with the two main forces that drive contemporary economy: globalization and technological change (Doyle 1998). As a consequence, the need for better and faster problem solving methods arises. How to rapidly develop new and better solutions? How to manage the ever-increasing body of knowledge and make the continuously growing amount of information useful? It is in this context that TRIZ (Theory of Inventive Problem Solving), the knowledge-intensive problem solving methodology created and developed by Genrich Saulovich Altshuller (Altshuller 1969, 1979a, 1984) and his associates is being widely adopted worldwide. In contrast with some people involved with TRIZ – who seem to view it as a finished work – we rather understand that it is at an initial stage of development. Although the foundations of TRIZ were established early in the 1950s, its development was much hindered by the political context in the former USSR. As a consequence, a critical mass of practitioners and researchers was only recently achieved. Several TRIZ researchers and practitioners have focused on attempts of hybridization between TRIZ and theories, methodologies and methods more familiar to problem solvers outside the former USSR, such as the Theory of Constraints, QFD, Taguchi Methods, Six Sigma, amongst others. Other researchers and practitioners have been placing their efforts in reorganizing TRIZ Heuristics. Although we recognize that some useful results were reached through these approaches, we have chosen a different path, which is to augment TRIZ knowledge base via the input of new Heuristics validated in the international patent database. In this book, the focus is on Heuristics developed in Russia by professor Alexander Ivanovich Polovinkin (Polovinkin 1985, 1988, 1991). We have concentrated our efforts in the validation work. In one of the letters to his associates G. S. Altshuller wrote about research on TRIZ (Altshuller 1979b) "… So, there is an interesting key. It is necessary to look for locks which this key can open." Polovinkins Heuristics are the keys considered in this book. We have found some locks which can be opened with them (examples), mainly through patent search. These are presented in Appendix. Although this book has a technical bias, on the tradition of so-called hard TRIZ , its scope is general: it is not focused on a single technical specialty. As it seems to happen with all really good ideas, Polovinkins Heuristics are universal and can be used for solving technical problems in different areas and also non-technical problems . This makes the book instrumental to any person interested in solving problems and developing his or her creativity. A somewhat unusual aspect of this project is that the authors are living in 3 different continents and have been collaborating by e-mail (unfortunately, they have never met each other personally). The authors, as well as G. Doncean (who proposed the idea of the book and who, by the way, lives on a fourth continent) use English as the communication language. English is not our native tongue, and the reader will probably find – hopefully few – language mistakes throughout the book. We apologize for that. We would greatly appreciate all comments, opinions and suggestions. We are specially interested in knowing about readers results using the Heuristics and examples presented in this book. For this reason, the authors addresses are provided below: Marco Aurlio de Carvalho, M.Sc. CEFET-PR / DAMEC Av. Sete de Setembro, 3165 80230-901 – Curitiba PR, Brazil [email protected] Tz-Chin Wei, M.Sc. Flotrend Corporation 13F, 550, Sec. 5, Chung Hsiao E. Road Taipei, Taiwan 110, R.O.C. [email protected] Semyon D. Savransky, Ph.D. The TRIZ Experts 6015 Pepper Tree Court Newark, CA 94560, USA .TRIZExperts.. [email protected] 相关的主题文章: